Effects of Pre-slaughter handling on meat and carcass quality

Improper and poor pre-slaughter handling of animals during farming, loading, transporting, marketing, unloading, lairaging and stunning have several effects on carcass and meat quality, here are the effects: Mortality of animals: Animals can die from pre-slaughter handling activities. For instance if sick animals are not treated or when animals are transported under harsh environmental and stressful […]

Distinction of Poultry farms in India

Poultry enterprises in India can distinctly be grouped into two categories i.e. Developmental poultry farms and Commercial poultry farms.

a) Developmental Poultry FarmsIt refers to village/unorganized poultry production because this enterprise operates in a low scale, using less capital and traditional technology. The unit volume of production is low due to the above constraints. However, the concept of developmental poultry is veryrelevant for India´s rural areas to enhance cash earnings of rural poor population. Poultry farming was included in various Central and State Government sponsoredprograms, such as Integrated Rural Development Program (IRDP), Special Livestock Production Program (SLPP), Tribal Development Program (TDP), etc. to popularize poultry farming in rural areas. However, the growth of developmental poultry did not succeed at Desi red level.

b) Commercial Poultry FarmsCommercial / industrial poultry farms refer to large-scale enterprises where the number of birds per unit is large enough to reap maximum advantages of technological improvement. These enterprises present various economies of scale of operation and, thus, are able to absorb the fuctuations in demand and supply and in input cost. The growth of this sector has remained highly significant over the years. However, it has been confined to some pockets of the country.